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省略在虛擬條件句型中的應用
作者:hwen  文章來源:本站原創  點擊數  更新時間:2008-11-15  文章錄入:admin  責任編輯:admin



省略在虛擬條件句型中的應用

 

一、省略連詞if

有時可將條件從句的連詞if省略,但此時應用倒裝句型,即將從句中的were, should, had 等提到句首。如:

Were I you, I would stay. 倘若我是你, 那我就留下。

Should I be free tomorrow, I will come. 萬一我明天有空,我會來。

Had it not been for the bad weather we would have arrived in time. 若不是天氣壞,我們就準時到達了。

注:① 若條件從句為否定句,否定詞not應置于主語之后,而不能與were, should, had 等縮略成weren’t, shouldn’t, hadn’t而置于句首。

有時省略if后提前的had不是助動詞。如(from www.hnbuk.tw)

Had I time, I would come. 假若我有時間,我會來的。(=If I had time…)

二、省略從主語和動詞be

若主從句主語一致,且謂語部分包含有動詞be,通常可將主語和動詞be省略。如:

If repaired earlier, the tractor would not have broken down. 要是早點兒修一下,拖拉機就不會拋錨了。(=If it had been repaired earlier…)

三、省略it+be

If necessary, I would send more farm-hands to help you. 如果需要的話我會派更多的民工去你。

四、省略整個條件從句

這樣的省略通常需要借助一定的上下文,即省略條件從句后,所剩下的主句的意思在一定的上下文中意思是清楚的。如:

I might see her personally. It would be better. 我可以親自去看她,這樣好一些。(=…If I saw her personally, it would be better.)


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