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hurry up 的用法誤區
作者:李  翔    文章來源:本站原創    點擊數:    更新時間:2010/6/18    
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hurry up 的用法誤區  

   

■本站特約作者      

   

■誤區之一  hurry up不能用于否定句中  

簡清國主編《建宏外研社英漢多功能詞典》(外語與教學研究出版社19971月第1)p739  

hurry up [vi.] 趕快 (不用于否定句;常用于命令句)  

Hurry up, or you’ll be late.  

這種說法在我國英語界很是流行,然而卻是不正確的。在當前的英美語中hurry up用于否定句中真實事例并不少。請看例證:  

先來看在美國英語中hurry up用于否定句中的真實事例:  

BUY CORPUS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH (1990-2009) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University) http://www.americancorpus.org/上共有以下例句:  

1994 If ya’ll don’t hurry up, I’m just going to go home and go to bed.  

1994 …especially if Jackson doesn’t hurry up and clear me back to survey duty.  

1996 I’m gon na be late if I don’t hurry up, Tio.  

1996 …she’d drown in here if she didn’t hurry up and get out of this room.  

1998 A woman says a friend who lent her $ 500 has threatened her if she does not hurry up and repay the loan.  

2005 I’m so sorry I didn’t hurry up.  

2006 So why don’t you just hurry up and do it?  

2006 …, filling in the lines, so pretty soon, if I don’t hurry up, there won’t be a way in hell to help the Eagles win  

再來看在英國英語中hurry up用于否定句中的真實事例:  

BNC(英國國家語料庫http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk) BUY-BNC BRTISH NATIONAL CORPUS (UK,1980s-1993) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University)上共有以下例句:  

KC8 …get myself something to wear if I don’t hurry up and if I don’t hurry up and get something.  

CGE “Sarah, if you don’t hurry up I’ll have to get your father to get you out of there.”  

從以上例證可以看出無論在美國英語中、還是在英國英語中,hurry up都可以用于否定句中。   

   

■誤區之二  hurry up不能用于肯定句中  

《實用英語正誤詞典》(山東友誼出版社20028月第1) p756  

【誤】We must hurry up. There is no time to waste.  

【正】We must hurry. There is no time to waste.  

實際上,這種說法也是沒有根據的,在當前的英美語中hurry up用于肯定句中的真實事例也確實存在。請看例證:  

美國英語中,早在1927年就有hurry up用于肯定句中的真實事例。請看TIME CORPUS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH (1923-2006) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University ) (http://corpus.byu.edu/time)上的例句:  

must hurry up and read whatever it is that Dennis has sent her.  

1941/12/29  “ I must hurry up, “ said he, “ because I’m living now on the velvet of my life.”  

再看BUY CORPUS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH (1990-2009) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University) http://www.americancorpus.org/上例句:  

1990 If Manny knocked on the bathroom door and suggested that perhaps she should hurry up, Jennifer seemed to wilt into deeper uncertainty, making her late for classes.  

1992 Nor should it support community activities. Gwinnett County should hurry up and build the civic center to host community activities.  

1993 She waved her thin hand with the gold rings, signaling that he should hurry up and move.  

1994 I don’t think just a vote in Congress should hurry up what’s going to happen out there.  

1995 “I felt I should hurry up and come out before the rest,” says Roy director Michael Caton-Jones, whose film was originally scheduled for July.”  

1995 I think you should hurry up and call for your hockey tickets, because they’re going fast.  

1996 I laughed and laughed. It was so funny to see Santa in my den. I said to Santa, “You must hurry up and leave before my brother and sisters wake up.”  

1997 It is good weather for drying clothes, so my sister and I should hurry up and pack up to go home.  

1998 One must hurry up and exist. Being twenty years old means nothing.... Love whomever you want, experience all your desires, like a young animal.   

2000 Or, when he tells his son, actor Michael Douglas, that they really should hurry up and make a picture together.  

2001 After he started in with his tricks, saying how I should hurry up and get out of the presidential apartment in Datscha, it was disgusting.  

2002 When he came out she said to him, “ Listen, dearest Roland, we must hurry up and flee.  

2003 No one was saying that she should hurry up because the school bus would be coming pretty soon.  

2006 She told him he should hurry up, that he should get started as soon as possible.   

 

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